Housewife knowledges about homegarden utilization and nutrition for diversification of food consumption in rural area, East Java, Indonesia

Housewife knowledges about homegarden utilization and nutrition for diversification of food consumption in rural area, East Java, Indonesia

Setiani 1, Eko Setiawan 2
Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Trunojoyo Madura
Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Trunojoyo Madura

ABSTRAK

Consumption subsystem in food security has several problems such as a lack of knowledge and awareness of the food diversification and nutrition, as well as the continued prevalence of the consumption of carbohydrates derived from rice. The housewife has an important role in the determination of food consumption for their household members. This study was aimed to determine the housewife knowledge about home gardens utilization and nutrition for diversification of food consumption in rural area, East Java, Indonesia. The study was conducted in three villages with different categories of food security: food secure village, rather vulnerable food village and food insecure village.
Data used include primary data and secondary data. The analysis used in this study is a comparison test one way ANNOVA and LSD. Housewife knowledge about home gardens utilization and nutrition for diversification of food consumption in rural East Java is still low. ANNOVA test showed that there are significant differences housewife knowledge level in three research locations. LSD test indicate that there are not only significant differences between secure and rather vulnerable food village but also secure and food insecure village. On the other hand, there is no significant difference of mother’s knowledge in rather vulnerable and food insecure village. Increasing housewife knowledge about home gardens utilization and nutrition is needed in order to increase the diversification of food consumption in rural areas, for example by improvement of education and economic aspect.

Keywords: diversification of food consumption, home gardens, housewife knowledge, rural East Java 

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